List of Papers Published in Volume 9 Issue 2


Marketing of milk and milk products: A comparative study of private and cooperative sectors in Uttarakhand

Authors: SHWETA ARORA, A.K.AGNIHOTRI

Abstract: The study was conducted in Rudrapur and Khatima blocks of the district U.S.Nagar. Ghee and Paneer were the only two common milk products found in cooperative and private sectors whose comparative study could be made. The study revealed that private system of marketing has been able to grasp a major share in marketing of milk and milk products. Only one marketing channel (cooperative processor- dis ...

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Pattern of agricultural and non-agricultural financing by scheduled commercial banks in India

Authors: A.N. SHUKLA, P.P. DUBEY, S.K.TEWARI

Abstract: Credit to agriculture sector has always commanded special attention both in term of policy issues and institution-building efforts. This has been so because of its recognized importance and role in our national economy in context of employment potential, income redistribution and support to the balance of payment. Positive role of finance in boosting up of agriculture and economic development of n ...

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Efficacy of spiromesifen against European red spider mite, Panonychus ulmi Koch and two spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch in apple

Authors: RAMKEWAL, DEEPAK RAI, JAI PRAKASH GUPTA

Abstract: Field experiments conducted to assess the bioefficacy of spiromesifen on apple mites, Panonychus ulmi and Tetranychus urticae revealed spiromesifen is very effective against both the species. Spiromesifen 240 SC (Oberon) 0.03 per cent and 0.04 per cent showed the highest mean reduction of 88.19, 91.21 per cent and 88.61, 90.62 per cent of mite population over untreated control in the first and sec ...

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Characterization of basmati rice (Oryza sativa L.) varieties using DUS descriptors

Authors: NANDITA PATRA, H.S. CHAWLA

Abstract: In the present regime of intellectual property rights, the distinctiveness, uniformity, and stability test of a candidate variety is essential for protecting it under PPV & FR Act, 2001. Keeping this in view, eighteen Basmati rice varieties were characterized by employing 60 DUS descriptors of morpho-physiological nature prescribed for registration of varieties including extant and farmers’ ...

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Combining ability and heterosis for yield and quality traits in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.em.Thell)

Authors: PAYAL SAXENA, R.S. RAWAT

Abstract: A line x tester analysis, involving 11 lines and 3 testers, was carried out in bread wheat (T. aestivum) with two standard checks namely PBW 343 and UP2382 in a replicated experiment. The line UP 2382 appeared good general combiner for days to heading, tillers per plant, total number of spikelets per ear, biological yield per plant, protein content, wet gluten, zeleny and grain yield per plant whi ...

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Estimates of heterosis for grain yield under rainfed condition in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L. em. Thell.)

Authors: M .K. KARNWAL, J.P. JAISWAL, R.S. RAWAT

Abstract: The present investigation was conducted under rainfed sown condition during rabi season 2002-03. The relative heterosis and heterobeltiosis were estimated for yield and its related traits in 10 × 10 wheat half diallel crosses involving ten genetically diverse genotypes (UP 2425, UP 2382, PBW 343, HS 295, UP 2338, WR 829, PBN 4107, Raj 3777, VL 721 and PBW 175). Among the parents PBW 343, UP 2382 ...

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Genetic divergence for important economic and quality traits in Indian mustard [Brassica juncea (L.) Czern & Coss]

Authors: VIPIN KUMAR SINGH, DHIRENDRA SINGH, A. K. SINGH

Abstract: Genetic divergence was assessed among 56 advanced breeding lines (genotypes) of Indian mustard using non-hierarchical Euclidean cluster analysis for sixteen economic traits and eight quality characters. The study showed grouping of the genotypes into thirteen clusters based on the economic traits. Cluster I was the largest, consisting of nine genotypes. Cluster X showed maximum genetic distance fr ...

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Heterosis in relation to genetic diversity and combining ability in Indian mustard, Brassica juncea (L.) Czern and Coss

Authors: O.P. VERMA, K. KUMAR, RAM BHAJAN1, K.N. MAURYA, N. K. SINGH, H.K. SINGH

Abstract: Sixteen exotic lines and four diverse testers of Indian mustard, Brassica juncea (L.) Czern and Coss were crossed in LxT mating design. The estimates of gca and sca variances showed the preponderance of non-additive gene action for all the traits studied. Among the lines EC 511435 and IC 355399 were identified good general combiners for seed yield/plant, 1000-seed weight and oil content. EC 511433 ...

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Studies to develop Agrobacterium mediated transformation system in grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.)

Authors: SACHIN KUMAR, V.K.KHANNA

Abstract: Attempts were made to perform Agrobacterium- mediated transformation of shoot apex explants of WB4 sorghum line and its screening by using GUS and GFP as reporter genes. The broad objectives were to study the culture condition for Agrobacterium strain LBA 4404, isolation of plasmid from Agrobacterium strain, determination of the most suitable antibiotics concentration for transformant selection, a ...

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Cultural and morphological studies of Hypsizygus ulmarius, blue oyster mushroom

Authors: K.P.S. KUSHWAHA, P.K.SINGH ,K.K. MISHRA, S.B. BHARDWAJ

Abstract: Cultural studies of Hypsizygus ulmarius revealed that out of nine media tested, MEA and WEA media supported maximum (90mm) growth followed by PDA medium. Optimum temperature was 250 C and pH level was 7 for the mycelial growth of the fungus. There was gradual decline in growth of fungus when temperature and pH level increased or decreases. In morphological characters of the fungus like, sporophore ...

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Morphological and cultural diversity in isolates of Alternaria brassicae infecting Rapeseed and Mustard

Authors: ANJANI KHULBE, R.P. AWASTHI, A. K. TEWARI

Abstract: The morphological and cultural diversity of twenty isolates of Alternaria brassicae collected from different locations of Tarai region of Uttarakhand, infecting rapeseed and mustard were studied. Results revealed that there was a distinct difference among isolates in terms of mycelial growth, colony characters, conidial length and conidial beak length. The isolates showed varied growth from slow t ...

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Management of grey mould (B. cinerea) of chickpea through fungicides

Authors: USHA SUYAL, H. S. TRIPATHI

Abstract: Seven fungicides were tested in vitro and in vivo for the control of grey mould of chickpea. In in vitro all the evaluated fungicides checked the fungal growth to a significant level. A complete control was achieved with bavistin (0.1%), iprodione (0.1%) and bavistin (+) thiram (0.3%). Seed treatment with bavistin or bavistin + thiram (1:2) followed by 3 sprays of bavistin (0.1%) at 15 days interv ...

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Effect of long term application inorganic fertilizers and manure on yields, nutrients uptake and grain quality of wheat under rice-wheat cropping system in a Mollisols

Authors: TITAB DAS, SHRI RAM, NAND RAM

Abstract: The present study was undertaken in a “Long Term Fertilizer Experiment”, which is being carried out since kharif, 1971 at fixed site. Results showed that FYM application @ 15 t ha -1 along with 100% NPK fertilizers produced maximum yields, nutrients uptake and along with improvement in soil properties. However, application of optimal dose of NPK (100%) along with Zn produced higher grain and s ...

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Water requirement of European dill (Anethum graveolens L.) under varying water table conditions through non-weighing lysimeters

Authors: MENKA MEHRA, H. S. KUSHWAHA

Abstract: In order to study the water requirement of European dill (Anethum graveolens L.) under six irrigation treatments, a lysimeter experiment was conducted during rabi seasons of 2007-08 and 2008-09 using non-weighing concrete lysimeters filled with silty clay loam soil and associated with varying water table conditions available at Crop Research Centre of university. Six irrigation treatments were se ...

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Character association and path coefficient analysis in sponge gourd (Luffa cylindrica Roem.)

Authors: D.K.SINGH, S.K.MAURYA, H.R.JAISWAL, AMAR SINGH and MANI LOHANI

Abstract: One hundred three genotypes of sponge gourd were used to study the association and path coefficient analysis of ten yield related quantitative traits during summer season of 2008. The genotypic correlations were higher than the corresponding phenotypic ones for most of traits implying inherent relationship among them. Fruit yield per plant was found significantly and positively correlated with fru ...

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Genetic variability in indigenous and exotic varieties of cowpea

Authors: BHAWNA PANDEY, Y.V. SINGH

Abstract: Days to flowering and maturity are important traits in cowpea and are affected by photoperiod and temperature. Eleven cowpea varieties were evaluated in three seasons at Pantnagar, to estimate genetic variability for days to flowering, days to maturity, days from flowering to physiological maturity (pod filling duration),pods per plant, pod length, no. of seeds per pod as well as seed size and ...

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Studies on genetic variability components in Brinjal (Solanum melongena L.)

Authors: SANJEEV KUMAR, H. S. SIROHI, Y. V. SINGH

Abstract: Sixty-two genotypes of brinjal were subjected to study the extent of variability present in the experimental material and simultaneously attempting to encompass some quantitative traits as well. Analysis of variance indicated presence of large variability for different characters under study. Genotypes PCPGR No. 7030 and KS-331 for earliness, SMB 115 for maximum number of fruits, BARI for maximum ...

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System productivity and nutrient status in soil with different organic nutrient management options in potato- cowpea- okra cropping system

Authors: M. RAGHAV

Abstract: In order to increase system productivity and sustaining soil health, a field experiment was conducted for identifying best nutrient management option for potato- cowpea- okra cropping system. The highest system productivity in terms of potato equivalent yield (PEY) to the tune of 44t/ha was recorded in treatment receiving FYM on N basis as per the recommended doses of all crops in the rotation. In ...

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Evaluation of response from different explants of Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera Dunal) in vitro

Authors: K.C.VERMA, A.K.GAUR

Abstract: Withania somnifera dunal (Solanaceae) is a plant of Indian system of medicine commonly known as ashwagandha. A comparative study for plant regeneration has been done among petioles, apical buds and leaf as explants. Profuse Callus induction (varied from 50- 95 per cent) was observed in all explants followed by successful shooting (Max. 6). Development of adventitious shoots occurred when the calli ...

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Genetic parameters of egg quality traits in Japanese quails (Coturnix Japanica)

Authors: C. B. SINGH, C. V. SINGH, D. KUMAR, M. H. JILANI

Abstract: Two hundred thirty two quail progeny of 35 sires belonging to selected (132) and control line(110), contributed the data for the study of egg quality traits. The mean values for albumin height, albumin index, yolk index, shell thickness, albumin weight(%), yolk weight(%) and shell weight(%) were observed in selected line as 5.18±0.04, 0.16±0.00, 0.45±0.00, 0.21±0.00, 46.40±0.13, 32.66±0.06 a ...

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Profile of dairy farmers in Tarai area of Uttarakhand

Authors: PRAKASH MISHRA, D. BARDHAN

Abstract: Socio-economic, institutional, communication behaviour and psychological variables associated with poor, medium-income and rich farmers (N=80) were studied in five randomly selected villages of Rudrapur Block of US Nagar District of Uttarakhand. Agriculture was mostly the main source of income for the richer farmers, while agricultural labour was the main source of income for a vast majority of po ...

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Length-weight relationship in male specimen of Channa punctatus in different habitat of Tarai region of Uttarakhand

Authors: C.P. SINGH, R.N. RAM, DANISH

Abstract: The present study reveals length-weight relationship in the specimens collected from different habitat natural as well as captive conditions. The value of a and b ranged from 1.445 to 2.348 and -0.036 to 0.168 for natural condition and -0.006 to 1.950 and -0.022 to 1.891 for captive condition. The correlation between length-length was found non-significant (p<0.05, r=0.306) and weight-weight wa ...

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Row spacing and pruning effects on yield, water use and economics of capsicum (Capsicum annuum L.) cultivation under naturally ventilated bamboo polyhouse

Authors: P. K. SINGH, K.K. SINGH, PRADEEP K. SINGH, C.B.S. YADAV, GANGA JOSHI

Abstract: Plant density and pruning systems play a key role in the effective use of the area. To study the row spacing and pruning effects on yield of capsicum (Capsicum annuum L.) a factorial experiment was conducted in a naturally ventilated bamboo polyhouse. The treatments comprise of three spacing levels {60cm x 30 cm (S1), 60cm x 45 cm (S2) and 60cm x 60 cm (S3)} and three pruning levels (no pruning, s ...

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Microbial changes of chocolate during storage

Authors: POONAM YADAV, J.P.PANDEY, S.K.GARG

Abstract: The chocolate samples (heat seal packed, butter paper packed and unpacked chocolate) were stored in desiccators having salt solution for maintain relative humidity (30%, 55%and 75%) and kept in incubators at experimental temperature (25,30,35 and 40ÚC). The microbial growth (total bacterial count, E. coli, yeast and mould count and Salmonella) were recorded using IS standard method where as bioc ...

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Entrepreneurship skills development of rural women in textile technology

Authors: ALKA GOEL, RUCHI KHOLIYA

Abstract: Since time immemorial women have played and continue to play a key role in the development of agricultural and allied fields. Without total intellectual and physical participation of women, it is not possible to achieve the goals of rural upliftment. The entrepreneurship skill development of women’s of Uttarakhand through training can help in capacity building to general income. It is a way ...

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Nutritional, physical, functional and cooking quality evaluation of Mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) cultivars

Authors: RITA SINGH RAGHUVANSHI, SHIPRA SINGH, KAVITA BISHT, D.P. SINGH

Abstract: The physical, functional and nutritional quality of three mungbean cultivars viz. UPM 98-1, Pant Mung-5 and Pant Mung-2 were studied. UPM 98-1 had highest value for all physical parameters namely seed weight, seed volume, hydration capacity, hydration index, swelling capacity and swelling index except for seed density (1.25 g/ ml). Statistically highly significant positive correlation (p<0.01) ...

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Women as decision makers in livestock activities

Authors: PRATIBHA SINGH, POONAM TEWARI

Abstract: Livestock is an important part of the farming system in India. Women spent a lot of time in caring for livestock, milking, processing milk and marketing dairy products still they have limited access and control over livestock management resources. Present study was conducted in Haridwar district of Uttarakhand to know the decision making profile of women along with access to and control over resou ...

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Study on physico-chemical, functional characteristics and nutritional composition of bamboo shoot powder

Authors: BINDU RANA, PRATIMA AWASTHI, B.K. KUMBHAR

Abstract: Bamboo shoot is one of the good nonconventional food options due to its nutritive and medicinal value. However, it posseses a short shelf-life and is available only during specific period of the year. Hence, study was carried out to prepare bamboo shoot powder and analyze its physico-chemical, functional and nutritional composition. The nutritional composition of bamboo shoot powder revealed that ...

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Effect of organic and inorganic sources of nutrients on growth, yield and quality of Indian mustard (B. juncea L.) under late sown condition

Authors: R.P. SINGH, YESH PAL, HARPREET SINGH

Abstract: Short Communication ...

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Pant CMS-2A-new cytoplasmic genetic male sterile line

Authors: M.K. NAUTIYAL, S.C. MANI, SURENDER SINGH, SAMAR PAL SINGH

Abstract: Short Communication ...

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Influence of photoperiod and flowering on tuber yield of potato cultivar Kufri Pukharaj in Tarai region of Uttarakhand

Authors: DHlRENDRA SINGH, J.P. SINGH, ARADHANA TEWARI

Abstract: Short Communication ...

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