List of Papers Published in Volume 4 Issue 2


Economics and resource use efficiency of rainfed potato and wheat in Tehri Garhwal district of Uttaranchal: A comparative analysis

Authors: NASIR HUSAIN, RITAMBHARA SINGH, M.L. SHARMA

Abstract: The study was based on a sample survey of 60 survey of 60 farmers randomly selected from Tehri Garhwal district of Uttaranchal with aims (i) to compare the economics of rainfed potato and wheat crops, and (ii) to estimate the resource use efficiency of rainfed potato and wheat crops. Benefit-cost analysis revealed that, in case of rainfed potato, benefit-cost ratio was>1 over cost “A”, “B ...

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Physical distribution system of potato in the hills of Kumaon region of Uttaranchal

Authors: RITAMBHARA SINGH, T.S. BHOGAL

Abstract: The distribution system of potato comprises its movement from growers to the final consumers through various intermediaries found in the study area included wholesaler-cum- Commission Agent and retailer. The systems of physical distribution included both channels of distribution and logistics thereof. The sequence through which commodity reaches the consumer is termed as the channel of distributio ...

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Technological status, yield gaps and their determinants in hill agriculture of Uttaranchal: a case for irrigated lower hills

Authors: S.P.SINGH, JITENDRA SINGH, KANCHAN KANDPAL

Abstract: The state of Uttaranchal is being considered important state of India in new world trade regime. However the agricultural development is not responding up to the mark. Noticeable fluctuations and gaps have been observed in the yields of some important food grain crops during last few years. This situation is of serious concern for the scientists and policy makers. This in turn influences the crop ...

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Effect of row spacing on growth and yield of cowpea varieties

Authors: Y.P.JOSHI, R.L. BHILARE

Abstract: Short Communication ...

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Performance of forage sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) genotypes to nitrogen levels

Authors: RAMESH CHANDRA, Y.P.JOSHI

Abstract: An experiment was conducted in split plot design with three replications during Kharif seasons of 2002 and 2003 on a silty loam soil at the Instructional Dairy Farm of G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar (Uttaranchal), to study the influence of nitrogen levels on forage yield and quality of sorghum genotypes. The treatments comprised five sorghum genotypes viz. (UPFS-37, ...

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Productivity and economics of urdbean genotypes under intercropping system with maize

Authors: KALYAN PATHAK, N.P. SINGH

Abstract: A field trial was conducted during the Kharif season of 2003- 2004 to find out suitable urdbean genotype (s) along with planting pattern under intercropping system with maize. The results revealed that all the intercropping treatments evaluated were superior to sole cropping of both urdbean and maize in terms of maize equivalent yield, LER value, net return and benefit: cost ratio. Among the inter ...

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Response of oat (Avena sativa L.) to sulphur fertilization

Authors: Y.P. JOSHI, R.L. BHILARE

Abstract: Short Communication ...

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Allelopathic effect of four weed species on germination and seedling growth of paddy

Authors: ASHUTOSH PANDEY, KAVITA SHARMA, N.PANDEY, P.B. RAO

Abstract: Allelopathic effect of four dominant weed species viz. Parthenium hysterophorus L., Phalaris minor Retz.,Polygonum hydropiper L. and Echinochloa crusgalli L. were examined on seed germination and seedling growth of 12 commonly used varieties of paddy (Oryza sativa L.) in the Tarai region of Uttaranchal State. The weed extracts at full concentrations (10 g / 100 ml of water) inhibited seed germinat ...

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Analysis of changes in behavior of consumer expenditure relative to general economy of India

Authors: RASHMI VERMA

Abstract: The present study was carried out to analyse how with the passage of time shares of PFCE in GDP has gradually declined and to find out average annual growth rates of PFCE and GDP. The study covers the period of 50 years (1950-51 to 1999-2000). The ordinary least square (OLS) method was used to estimate Average Annual Growth Rates of PFCE and GDP. In India, the household consumption expenditure con ...

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A new species of the genus Habrolepis forester (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) from India

Authors: M.A. KHAN, MEENA AGNIHOTRI

Abstract: A new species of the encyrtid genus Habrolepis Foerster, H. punctulata Parasitizing Aonidiella aurantii Maskell. on Citrus medica is described. ...

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Bioefficacy of biopesticides and its compatibility with some insecticides against Spilarctia oblique Walker on soybean

Authors: MEENA AGNIHOTRI, M.A. KHAN

Abstract: Efficacy of biopesticides was evaluated alone and in combination with endosulfan (0.05%) and carbaryl (0.05%) against bihar hairy caterpillar, Spilarctia oblique Wlk in soybean. Combination of endosulfan with all four bacterial formulations proved superior to other treatments by significantly increasing mortality and reducing leaf damage. All the combination of insecticides with different bacteria ...

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Evaluation of artificial diets for the laboratory rearing of green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea Stephens

Authors: KULDEEP SHARMA, RAVI PRAKASH MAURYA, M.A. KHAN

Abstract: Five different artificial diets viz., diet-a (aphid power, egg yolk, hovey, yeast extract, water), diet-b (soybean powder, egg yolk, honey, yeast extract, water) diet-c (Corcyra egg paste, egg yolk, honey, yeast extract, water) diet-d (wheat germ powder, egg yolk, honey yeast extract water), diet-c (Spilosoma larvae powder, egg yolk, honey, yeast extract, water) were evaluated for rearing of Chry ...

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Fuelwood availability from agriculture fields in Birhun Watershed of Udhampur District, J&K.

Authors: SANJAY SHARMA, MOHD. HUSSAIN

Abstract: The study was undertaken in Birhun watershed to estimate growing stock and in turn the fuel wood availability from agriculture fields. IRS-1 D LISS-III satellite data was used for delineation of land use / land cover especially area under agriculture. The watershed was divided in two zones on the basis of elevation i.e. above and below 900m. the growing stock in terms of number of trees was estima ...

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Character association in maize under normal and excess soil moisture (ESM) conditions in different environments

Authors: AJAZ A. LONE, M.Z.K. WARSI

Abstract: A set of forty-five genotypes including five parents, their F1’s, F2’s, and backcross generation of maize differing in their reaction to ESM conditions were used for estimating inter-character correlations between different morphological traits, panted at Pantnagar and Gorakhpur. Estimates of genotypic correlation coefficient were generally higher than phenotypic correlations coefficients in t ...

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Identification of early maturing grain type cowpea varieties for wheat-cowpea-rice based intensive cropping system

Authors: INDRA DEO PANDEY, B.B. SINGH

Abstract: Cowpea is one of the most important legume crop in semi arid tropics covering 65 countries across the world. Forty-four advanced lines were obtained from IITA, Nigeria and evaluated for different agronomical traits, disease and insect pest in 2004 and 2005. Sufficient variability was existed for different agronomical traits. Five promising varieties were selected and evaluated in Spring, 2005 and ...

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Identification of wheat genotypes and their F1’s in relation to drought tolerance by use of Isozyme analysis

Authors: USHA BHATT, V.K. KHANNA

Abstract: The isozyme (Native PAGE electrophoresis) analysis was used to identify 13 drought tolerant and 3 drought susceptible wheat genotypes and their F1’s. Peroxidase activity was carried out for screening. The presence or absence of specific bands differentiated the tolerant and susceptible genotypes and also confirmed the hybridity of F1’s. The bands present in F1’s were of less intensity and th ...

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Inheritance of seed coat colour in Indian mustard [Brassica juncea (L.) Czern & Coss.]

Authors: S.S. MEENA, J.N. SACHAN

Abstract: Short Communication ...

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Investigation on methods of synchronization in flowering for hybrid and parental line seed production in rice (Oryza sativa L.)

Authors: A. K. GUPTA, M.P. PANDEY

Abstract: The study determines the seeding sequences of parental lines of CMS based hybrid Pant Sankar Dhan 3 for multiplication of A, the female parent (A/B) and hybrid (A/R) under three planting dates using three methods of synchronization viz., differences in growth duration (GD), leaf number (LN) and effective accumulated temperature (EAT) of the lines involved. Results indicated that in growth duration ...

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Relationship between nitrogen fixation with its components, direct and indirect effect on seen yield in fieldpea (Pisum sativum L.)

Authors: V.K. YADAV, R.K. PANWAR

Abstract: Short Communication ...

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Studies on seed dormancy behaviour in Brassica species and effect of different seed treatment to overcome in Brassica juncea (L.) Czern & Coss.

Authors: S.S. MEENA, J.N. SACHAN

Abstract: Freshly harvested seed of nine varieties belonging to five Brassica species were evaluated for their dormancy behaviour. Dormancy period among the species ranged from 1-7 weeks. Of these, B. juncea, which had 7 weeks dormancy, was further subjected to different treatments to overcome the dormancy. Pre-chilling of seeds after harvesting at 5oC and 10oC for 3 days and soaking of seeds in 200 ppm Gi ...

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Study of genetic parameters for selection of bacterial blight resistance and productivity traits in rice, Oryza sativa L.

Authors: MEGHA CHATURVEDI, M.P. PANDEY

Abstract: The present investigation was aimed to study genetic parameters and identify breeding lines in advance generation of 8 crosses selected directly for BB resistance and superior yield and its contributing traits indirectly. Significant difference among lines were revealed for all the 11 characters studied. High genotypic and phenotypic coefficient of variability estimates and heritability for major ...

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Assessment of genetic diversity in Indian aromatic rice (Oryza sativa L.) accessions by RAPD marker technique

Authors: R.N. BHARGAVA, V.K. KHANNA

Abstract: India has an immense wealth of aromatic rice varieties, which are considered as nature’s gift exclusive to the Indian sub-continents and best for aroma and superfine grain along with cooking qualities. However, we have lost most of them during the Green revolution, where the main emphasis was given on yield rather than quality. Therefore, there is an urgent need to collect, characterize and main ...

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Carbon, nitrogen and sulphur inter-relationships in soils of Udham Singh Nagar District of Uttaranchal

Authors: S.P. SINGH, ROOM SINGH, B. MISHRA, P.C. SRIVASTAVA, M.K. DWIVEDI

Abstract: One thousand samples of surface soils of Udham Singh Nagar district were screened out for 0.15% calcium chloride extractable sulphur. The content of available sulphur varied from 4.6 to 684.3 mg kg-1. The overall percentages of soil low, medium and high in available sulphur were 16, 22 and 62, respectively. Twenty soil samples each from low, medium and high sulphur categories were analyzed for org ...

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Effect of INM on the post harvest soil fertility under Brahmi-Wheat cropping system

Authors: MENKA MEHRA, S.SINGH

Abstract: Field experiment was conducted during Rabi season of 2003-2004 at Pantnagar on sandy loam soil to study the effect of INM on the post harvest soil fertility after wheat crop under Brahmi-Wheat cropping system. Use of organic sources viz., FYM, green manure, crop residue, biofertilizer (Azotobacter) along with inorganic fertilizer (NPK) increased the availability of nutrients in soil. An improvemen ...

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Impact of long-term manuring and fertilization on micronutrients availability and uptake in rice-wheat system

Authors: ROOM SINGH, M.K. DWIVEDI, S.P. SINGH

Abstract: The present study was undertaken to find out the impact of continuous use of fertilizers and manure on uptake and availability of micronutrients in an Aquic Hapludoll. Treatments included various combinations of N, P, K, Zn and FYM in rice-wheat system. After three decades of continuous intensive cropping under various fertilizer and manurial treatments in an Aquic Hapludoll, successive increase i ...

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Nitrogen use efficiency of rice-wheat system after three decades of continuous fertilizers and manure application in an Aquic Hapludoll

Authors: ROOM SINGH, M.K. DWIVEDI, S.P. SINGH

Abstract: The present study was undertaken to find out the impact of continuous use of fertilizers and manure on response and use efficiency of nitrogen in an Aquic Hapludoll. The rotation was rice-wheat and treatments included various combinations of N, P, K, Zn and FYM. After three decades of continuous intensive cropping under various fertilizer and manurial treatments in an Aquic Hapludoll, successive i ...

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Verification of medium range weather for Tarai and Bhabar agro-climatic zone of Uttaranchal

Authors: H.S. KUSHWAHA, S.P. GANGWAR, A.K. CHAUBEY

Abstract: Short Communication ...

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An assessment of selected socio-economic characteristics of SGSY groups in Uttaranchal state

Authors: NAVNEET SHARMA, HARSHWARDHAN, D. BARDHAN, AVADHESH KUMAR, Y.P.S. DABAS

Abstract: The present study was carried out in 8 blocks of Uttaranchal state to assess some selected socio-economic characteristics of the SGSY groups and their functioning in the region. The specific socio-economic characteristics that were selected for assessment were caste composition, occupation, landholding, average age of the groups, pattern of lending, savings, unity among members, group pressure and ...

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Groundwater modeling in selected area of north-west Uttar Pradesh using fuzzy logic

Authors: VIKASH V. PATIL, RAMESH SINGH, H.C. SHARMA, RAMA MEHTA

Abstract: Using rainfall and pre-monsoon water table depth, fuzzy logic algorithm was developed to predict post-monsoon water table behaviour of Budaun tehsil of Budaun district, located in north-west Uttar Pradesh. Rainfall and pre-monsoon water table as input variables were fuzzified into fuzzy subsets. The fuzzy subsets of the variables were considered to have triangular membership functions. The relatio ...

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Ergonomic consideration in designing the farm tools and equipments

Authors: V.S. DHYANI, P. SHARMA

Abstract: Anthropometric data is basic to the designing of tools and equipments for agricultural activities. So the present study is aimed at agronomic consideration in equipment and tool designing. A descriptive cum experimental research design was chosen, 33 women’s from Pantnagar were selected by simple random sampling. The data was collected with the help of interview schedule by interview method in 2 ...

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Utilization of animal waste among farm families

Authors: PRATIBHA SINGH, SUNITA RANI, POONAM TEWARI

Abstract: Our forest wealth is dwindling due to over grazing as well as over exploitation both for commercial purpose and household needs. One of the major causes for degradation of forests is illegal cutting and removal of trees by contractors and their labourers. Biogas is an alternative for restricting the degradation of forests and maintaining the balance of ecosystem. Gobar gas plant makes the rural at ...

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Pattern, trend and growth of consumption expenditure of horticultural crops in India

Authors: RASHMI VERMA

Abstract: The present study analyses the pattern, trend and growth of four specific horticultural crops i.e., fruits and vegetables, potato and other tubers, coffee, tea and cocoa & spices during the last fifty years from 1950-51 to 1999-2000. The average annual growth rates of fruits and vegetables, potato and other tubers, coffee, tea & cocoa and spices during the 10 years period from 1990-91 to 1 ...

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